What Your Year 4 Child Needs to Know

Fundamentals of a Good Year 4 Education (Core Knowledge UK)

Editor: E.D. Hirsch, Jr.
UK General Editors: Robert Whelan and Tanya Lubicz-Nawrocka
June 2013

What Your Year 4 Child Needs to Know is the fourth in the series of six books—one for each year—for parents, home educators, teachers and children to enjoy. See below for a selection of the varied topics and activities it includes.

Language and Literature:

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History and Geography:

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  • World Geography, including: Maps; Mediterranean Europe; Eastern Europe
  • British Geography, including: London and the South East; The South West; Northern Ireland
  • World History – Ancient Rome, including: The Legend of How Rome Began; Hannibal Keeps His Promise; Julius Caesar Shows Who’s Boss; Crossing the Rubicon; Constantine Sees a Cross in the Sky; What is a Century?
  • British History, including: Union of the Crowns; Civil War; Restoration; Great Plague and the Great Fire; Glorious Revolution and Bill of Rights; A Great Explorer: Sir Francis Drake

Visual Arts:

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  • Working with Numbers to 100,000, including: Ten Thousands and Hundred Thousands; Rounding NumbersOrdering Numbers
  • Addition and Subtraction, including: Sums and Differences of Four-Digit Numbers; Mental Addition and Subtraction; Subtraction and Regrouping
  • Multiplication and Division, including: Multiplying Visually and Vertically; Square Numbers and Square Roots; Dividing Tens, Hundreds and Thousands
  • Parts of a Whole, including: Recognising Fractions; Decimals
  • Geometry, including: Polygons; Congruent and Symmetrical Figures; Perimeter; Area
  • Measurement, including: Imperial and Metric; Measuring Weight, Capacity and Temperature


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  • Classifying Animals, including: What Do They Have in Common?; Does It Have a Backbone?; Fish; Amphibians; Reptiles; Birds; Mammals
  • Ecology, including: Living Things Depend on Each Other; A Web of Living Things; Help the Environment to Make the World a Better Place
  • The Human Body, including: The Skeletal and Muscular Systems; The Brain and Nervous System
  • Light and Vision, including: Mirrors Flat and Curved; Lenses; What Colour is Light?; How Your Eyes See
  • Sound and Hearing, including: Good Vibrations of Sound; The Speed of Sound; How the Ear Works
  • Astronomy, including: The Universe; Our Solar System; Planets in Motion: Orbit and Rotation; The Force of Gravity; A Solar System Model
  • The Lives of Famous Scientists, including: Nicolaus Copernicus; Galileo Galilei; Isaac Newton; Caroline Herschel